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From the land of the Nishnabis… to a controlled harvesting zone!

History of ZEC Dumoine…

The magnificent land that is now the ZEC Dumoine has a rich legacy of adventure and discovery.

1. Land of the Nishnabis1
The first inhabitants to travel the area that would later become the ZEC Dumoine were the Otaguottouemins. This Algonquin tribe led a nomadic life, fishing, hunting and gathering wild berries. They lived here until 1918 when they were completely decimated by sickness.

1Source: SAINT-ARNAUD, H., Rivière Dumoine 04-19-00-00, Fédération québécoise du canot-camping (1986), 27 pages.

2. The lumbering Era2
In 1850, two forestry companies (the ancestors of Consolidated Bathurst and E. B. Eddy) discovered the immense white pine forests in the southeastern part of the Temiskaming region. At the time, pines of such size and beauty were unheard of! After being transformed into boards, they were towed by small steam-powered boats called Alligators to the river’s mouth.
The Dumoine River was highly sought after for log drives. In order to avoid logjams on the river’s falls, slides were built and the perilous task of guiding the logs through these slides fell to the drivers. Even today, vestiges of these slides can be seen along the riverbanks.

At the time, many camps had been established in the area by logging companies. There were lumber camps, where workers lived in very primitive conditions, depots, where provisions, supplies and wood were stored, and forest farms, that year in year out, produced a bit of grain, meat, and other farm products. In order to supply these small towns in the bush, trails were blazed from the camps to the closest navigable waterway. These waterways were then used by horses pulling metal-wheeled carts. Thanks to the compacting of the soil from the repeated passing of those metal wheels, the vegetation was unable to reclaim along the wagon trails. ZEC Dumoine has been able to make use of them to revitalize the sectors of the area that were relatively undisturbed by forestry operations in order to make a fantastic 24-kilometre long hiking trail.

Even today, there are companies harvesting the immense forests that dot our territory. However, the means of harvesting have changed a great deal since the days of drivers and logslides.


3. Private clubs

This section on-line soon!

4. Creation of ZEC Dumoine
In 1978, the government of Québec launched Operation Wildlife Management and, in so doing, ended the renewal of leases for private fishing and hunting clubs. These immense preserves, now known as zones d’exploitation contrôlée (zec), became once again the property of the people of Quebec. Non-profit organizations, managed by directors elected from the members of each of the ZECs, were created and mandated to ensure wildlife management and conservation in their territory. That is how the Association des Chasseurs et Pêcheurs de la rivière Dumoine came into being. The Association performs the following functions:

Oversees the follow-up and verification of wildlife harvesting in order to ensure balance between wildlife supply and user demand.
Ensures equal opportunity for access to the territory and recreational use of the wildlife.

Offers all users a chance to participate in decisions about wildlife management.
Ensures self-financing from the sale of membership cards and access rights as well as the sale of hunting and fishing packages or packages combining the two.

5. Birth of a competitive entity - AGZAT

In order to facilitate discourse between ZEC managers and regional workers, regional assemblies were formed in each of the regions of Québec. In Abitibi-Témiscamingue, this association comprises the area’s six ZECs: Dumoine, Kipawa, Restigo, Maganasipi, Capitachouane and Festubert.

6. A Provincial Representative - FQGZ
The Fédération québécoise des gestionnaires de zecs (FQGZ) was created in 1983. It was given the mission of representing the ZEC management organizations and defend their interests on a provincial scale in a spirit of conservation and wildlife promotion. Since then, the FQGZ has been recognized by the government of Québec as the official representative of the 62 organizations certified to manage hunting, fishing and outdoor activity ZECs.

© ZEC Dumoine 2002